What are Vaporizers? Vaping and Vaporizers Discussed

Electronic Vaporizers

Vaporizers are small electronic gadgets that deliver nicotine (or other chosen vapours) to simulate smoking. Vaporizers can be used in most places in the UK where smoking is banned, making them an attractive alternative to cigarettes for many smokers.


Typical vaporizers, with a clear reservoir tank.

Vaporizers work in the same way as electronic cigarettes, but offer several Read more

What Can you Eat on the Paleo Diet

Paleo Diet Foods

The hunter-gatherer diet is designed to remove modern foods from your diet. During the last 10,000 years, our diet has changed as modern intensive farming has grown. As a species, we used to eat very differently to the diet we now live on.

It was normal for hunter gatherers to eat foods from one food group at a time, so they might eat meat from an animal they caught one day, then the next they might have nuts they have found, or berries, or fruits. The important thing to note is that unlike our modern diet, cavemen from the Paleolithic era rarely mixed food groups during meals.

There is evidence that our stomachs are designed to process Read more

Battle Of The Wellington Boots And Wellies

Wellington Boots And Wellies

1817 was the year the Wellington or wellies first made its appearance. At this time men’s fashion was going through major changes as gentlemen everywhere discarded their knee breeches in favour of trousers. This however, led to a problem regarding comfortable footwear. The previously popular Hessian boot, worn with breeches, was styled with a curvy turned-down top and heavy metallic braid – totally unsuitable for wearing under trousers.

To this end, Arthur Wellesley, the first Duke of Wellington, instructed his shoemaker, Hoby of St. James Street, London, to modify the 18th century boot. The resulting new boot designed in soft calfskin leather had the trim removed and was cut closer around the leg. It was hard wearing for battle yet comfortable for the evening. The Iron Duke didn’t know what he’d started – the boot was dubbed the Wellington and the name has stuck ever since.


The boots became incredibly popular with fashion conscious men of the day, such as Beau Brummell, wanting to emulate the great soldier and the boots became known as ‘Wellington Boots’ in his honour.

By the 1850s rubber had been discovered and some manufacturers were experimenting with this new material. In 1853, Hiram Hutchinson moved back to his native France after working with Charles Goodyear, the inventor of the vulcanisation of rubber.

Hutchinson set up ‘A l’Aigle  to manufacture rubber boots. At the same time, Henry Lee Norris established the North British Rubber Company in Edinburgh, Scotland which made a wide range of products including rubber boots. But it wasn’t until the First World War that the rubber Wellington boot as we know it became popular when the War Office instructed the North British Rubber Company to produce hard wearing boots that could cope with the wet conditions of trench warfare.

After the war Wellington or wellies became popular with ordinary people as a wet weather boot and the North British Rubber Company eventually became Hunter Boot Ltd now manufacturing the famous Hunter  wellies….

There is now a myriad of wellies available with every colour and pattern  imaginable, from short ankle boots to wellies with a heel!  In fact, although wellies are still seen as practical footwear, they have once again become fashionable. I wonder what the Duke would think of leopard patterned, wedge heeled rubber boots that carry his name today.


Getting a Tattoo: Procedure and What to Expect


A tattoo is a form of body modification, made by inserting indelible ink into the dermis layer of the skin to change the pigment. The first written reference to the word, “tattoo” (or Samoan “Tatau”) appears in the journal of Joseph Banks, the naturalist aboard Captain Cook’s ship the HMS Endeavour: “I shall now mention the way they mark themselves indelibly, each of them is so marked by their humor or disposition”.


Once you have arrive at the tattoo studio, the tattooist usually presents you with Read more

Advantages of LED Lights

LEDs, are solid light bulbs which are extremely energy-efficient. When first developed, LEDs were limited to single-bulb use in applications such as instrument panels, electronics, pen lights and, more recently, strings of indoor and outdoor Christmas lights.

Manufacturers have expanded the application of LED lights by “clustering” the small bulbs. The first clustered bulbs were used for battery powered items such as flashlights and headlamps. Today, LED bulbs are made using as many as 180 bulbs per cluster, and encased in diffuser lenses which spread the light in wider beams. Now available with standard bases which fit common household light fixtures, LEDs are the Read more


The Welly made its first appearance in 1817. At this time men’s fashion was going through significant changes as gentlemen swapped their knee breeches in favour of trousers. This, however, led to a problem finding comfortable footwear. The previously popular Hessian boot, worn with breeches was styled with a curvy turned-down top and heavy metallic braid – totally unsuitable for wearing under trousers.

To this end, Arthur Wellesley, the first Duke of Wellington instructed his shoemaker, Hoby of St. James Street London, to modify this 18th century boot.  They designed a new boot in soft calfskin leather, removed the trim and made the cut closer around the leg. It was hard wearing for battle, yet comfortable for wearing in the evening. The Iron Duke didn’t know Read more

Paint Protection Kits For Road Cars

Paint Protection Film (PPF) AKA Clear Bra is a thermoplastic urethane film that is applied to the leading painted surfaces of a new or used car in order to protect the paint from stone chips, bug splatter (love bugs) and minor abrasions. This film is also used on Read more

What Should You Get As A Christening Gift

It is usually a sign that you are held in high regard if you have been invited to the christening of a friend or family member’s baby. Christenings are an important life event and it’s appropriate to arrange a christening gift for the parents who have invited you.

Deciding on appropriate christening gifts can be quite difficult, especially if this is the first time you have attended a christening for some time or if you have not attended a christening event in Read more